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SEMI Standards IPC Standards IEC Standards ISO Standards ASTM Standards TAPPI Standards

Please contact SEMI Standards (FHEstandards@semi.org) if you would like to suggest standards to add to this website. 

SEMI Standards

This is a resource, not an exhaustive list, of possible relevant standards. Please visit https://store-us.semi.org/collections/standards for a full list of standards. 

Get involved with Flexible Electronics Standards at SEMI! Contact FHEstandards@semi.org today. 

  • 3D-IC (3D) 
    • 3D2 - Specification for Glass Carrier Wafers for 3DS-IC Applications
    • 3D3 - Guide for Multiwafer Transport and Storage Containers for 300 mm, Thin Silicon Wafers on Tape Frames
    • 3D12 - Guide for Measuring Flatness and Shape of Low Stiffness Wafers
    • 3D19 - Test Method for Adhesive Strength of Adhesive Tray Used for Thin Chip Handling
  • Flat Panel Display (D)
    • D8 - Guide for Describing Silicon Wafers for Use as 300 mm Carrier Wafers in a 3DS-IC Temporary Bond-Debond (TBDB) Process
    • D78 - Test Method of Water Vapor Barrier Property for Plastic Films with High Barrier for Electronic Devices
  • Equipment Automation Hardware (E)
    • E6 - Guide for Semiconductor Equipment Installation Documentation
    • E12 - Guide for Standardized Pressure, Temperature, Density, and Flow Units Used in Mass Flow Meters and Mass Flow Controllers
    • E16 - Guide for Determining and Describing Mass Flow Controller Leak Rates
    • E17 - Guide for Mass Flow Controller Transient Characteristics Tests
    • E18 - Guide for Temperature Specifications of the Mass Flow Controller
    • E27 - Guide for Mass Flow Controller and Mass Flow Meter Linearity
    • E28 - Guide for Pressure Specifications of the Mass Flow Controller
    • E35 - Guide to Calculate Cost of Ownership (COO) Metrics for Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment
    • E43 - Guide for Electrostatic Measurements on Objects and Surfaces
    • E45 - Test Method for the Determination of Inorganic Contamination from Minienvironments Using VPD-TXRF, VPD-AAS, or VPD/ICP-MS
    • E46 - Test Method for the Determination of Organic Contamination from Minienvironments Using Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS)
    • E49 - Guide for High Purity and Ultrahigh Purity Piping Performance, Subassemblies, and Final Assemblies
    • E51 - Guide for Typical Facilities Services and Termination Matrix
    • E66 - Test Method for Determining Particle Contribution by Mass Flow Controllers
    • E67 - Test Method for Determining Reliability of Mass Flow Controller
    • E68 - Test Method for Determining Warm-Up Time of Mass Flow Controllers
    • E69 - Test Method for Determining Reproducibility and Zero Drift for Thermal Mass Flow Controllers
    • E72 - Specification and Guide for Equipment Footprint, Height, and Weight
    • E78 - Guide to Assess and Control Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) and Electrostatic Attraction (ESA) for Equipment
    • E79 - Specification for Definition and Measurement of Equipment Productivity
    • E108 - Test Method for the Assessment of Outgassing Organic Contamination from Minienvironments Using Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy
    • E116 - Specification for Equipment Performance Tracking
    • E124 - Guide for Definition and Calculation of Overall Factory Efficiency (OFE) and Other Associated Factory-Level Productivity Metrics
    • E137 - Guide for Final Assembly, Packaging, Transportation, Unpacking, and Relocation of Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment
    • E140 - Guide to Calculate Cost of Ownership (COO) Metrics for Gas Delivery Systems
    • E141 - Guide for Specification of Ellipsometer Equipment for Use in Integrated Metrology
    • E149 - Guide for Equipment Supplier-Provided Documentation for the Acquisition and Use of Manufacturing Equipment
    • E150 - Guide for Equipment Training Best Practices
    • E165 - Guide for a Comprehensive Equipment Training System When Dedicated Training Equipment is not Available
    • E176 - Guide to Assess and Minimize Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) in a Semiconductor Manufacturing Environment
  • Equipment Automation Software (E) - Entire Volume 
  • Facilities (F) - Entire Volume 
  • Materials (M)
    • M56 - Practice for Determining Cost Components for Metrology Equipment Due to Measurement Variability and Bias
    • M59 - Terminology for Silicon Technology
  • MEMS (MS) - Entire Volume
  • Packaging (G)
    • G66 - Test Method for the Measurement of Water Absorption Characteristics for Semiconductor Plastic Molding Compounds
    • G73 - Test Method for Pull Strength for Wire Bonding
    • G79 - Specification for Overall Digital Timing Accuracy
    • G96 - Test Method for Measurement of Chip (Die) Strength by Mean of Cantilever Bending
    • G71 - Specification for Barcode Marking of Intermediate Containers for Packaging Materials
    • G83 - Specification for Bar Code Marking of Product Packages
    • G86 - Test Method for Measurement of Chip (Die) Strength by Mean of 3-Point Bending
  • Photovoltaic (PV)
    • PV56 - Test Method for Performance Criteria of Photovoltaic (PV) Cells and Modules Package
    • PV57 - Test Method for Current-Voltage (I-V) Performance Measurement of Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) and Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC)
    • PV77 - Guide for Calibration of Photovoltaic (PV) Module UV Test Chambers
    • PV78 - Test Method for Bending Property of Flexible Thin Film Photovoltaic (PV) Modules
    • PV80 - Specification of Indoor Lighting Simulator Requirements for Emerging Photovoltaic
    • PV87 - Test Method for Peeling Force Between Electrode and Ribbon/Back Sheet
  • Process Chemicals (C)  - Entire Volume
  • Safety Guidelines (S)  - Entire Volume
  • Traceability (T)
    • T12 - Specification for Tracing Jigs and Implements
    • T13 - Specification for Device Tracking: Concepts, Behavior, and Services
    • T18 - Specification of Parts and Components Traceability
    • T19 - Specification for Device Marking
    • T21 - Specification for Organization Identification by Digital Certificate Issued from Certificate Service Body (CSB) for Anti-Counterfeiting Traceability in Components Supply Chain

IPC Standards

This is a resource, not an exhaustive list, of possible relevant standards. Please visit http://shop.ipc.org/standards for a full list of standards 

  • IPC/JPCA-2291, Design Guideline for Printed Electronics (2013)

  • IPC/JPCA-4591, Requirements for Printed Electronics Functional Conductive Materials

  • IPC/JPCA-4921, Requirements for Printed Electronics Base Materials (Substrates)

  • IPC/JPCA-6901, Application Categories for Printed Electronics

  • IPC-6903, Terms and Definitions for the Design and Manufacture of Printed Electronics (Additive Circuitry) (2016)

  • IPC-2292, Design Standard for Printed Electronics on Flexible Substrates

  • IPC-9204, Guideline on Flexibility & Stretchability Testing for PE

  • IPC-9691B (IPC-TM-650), User Guide for the IPC-TM-650, Method 2.4.3 – Sliding parallel plate test

IEC Standards

This is a resource, not an exhaustive list, of possible relevant standards. Please visit https://webstore.iec.ch/home for a full list of standards 

  • IEC 62899-101 Terminology - Vocabulary
  • IEC 62899-201 Materials - Substrates
  • IEC 62899-202  Materials - Conductive ink - sheet resistance
  • IEC 62899-203 Materials - Semiconductor ink 
  • IEC 62899-204 Materials - Insulator Ink
  • IEC 62899-250 Material technologies required in printed electronics for wearable smart devices 
  • IEC 62899-302 Equipment - Inkjet - Imaging
  • IEC 62899-303 Equipment - Roll-to-roll printing - Mechanical dimensions
  • IEC 62899-401 Printability - Overview
  • IEC 62899-402 Printability - Measurement of qualities - Pattern width
  • IEC 62899-403  Printability - Requirements for reproducibility - Basic patterns for evaluation of printing machine
  • IEC 62899-501 Quality assessment - Failure modes and mechanical testing  
  • IEC 62899-502 Quality assessment - Organic light emitting diode (OLED) elements

ISO Standards

This is a resource, not an exhaustive list, of possible relevant standards. Please visit https://www.iso.org/store.html for a full list of standards 

  • ISO 4287, Dimensional and geometrical product specifications and verification
  • ISO 489, Plastics - Determination of refractive index
  • ISO 15106, Plastics - Film and sheeting - Determination of water vapor transmission rate
  • ISO 16525, Adhesives - Test Methods for Isotropic Electrically Conductive Adhesives

ASTM Standards

This is a resource, not an exhaustive list, of possible relevant standards. Please visit https://www.astm.org/ for a full list of standards 

  • C623 - Standard Test Method for Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Glass and Glass-Ceramics by Resonance
  • D149 - Standard Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies
  • D1505 - Standard Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique
  • D2520 - Standard Test Methods for Complex Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Microwave Frequencies and Temperatures to 1650oC
  • D257 - Standard Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials
  • D2861 - Test Methods for Flexible Composites of Copper Foil with Dielectric Film or Treated Fabrics
  • D522 - Test Methods for Mandrel Bend Test of Attached Organic Coatings
  • D542 - Standard Test Method for Index of Refraction of Transparent Organic Plastics
  • D5470 - Standard Test Method for Thermal Transmission Properties of Thermally Conductive Electrical Insulation Materials
  • D6343 - Standard Test Methods for Thin Thermally Conductive Solid Materials for Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Applications
  • D696 - Test Method for Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion of Plastics
  • D7127 - Standard Test Method for Measurement of Surface Roughness of Abrasive Blast Cleaned Metal Surfaces Using a Portable Stylus Instrument
  • D7490 - Standard Test Method for Measurement of the Surface Tension of Solid Coatings, Substrates and Pigments using Contact Angle Measurements
  • D882 - Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
  • E1356 - Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
  • E290 - Test Methods for Bend Testing of Material for Ductility
  • E384 - Standard Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials
  • E96/E96M - Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
  • F1578 - Standard Test Method for Contact Closure Cycling of a Membrane Switch
  • F1595 - Standard Practice for Viewing Conditions for Visual Inspection of Membrane Switches
  • F1596 - Standard Test Method for Exposure of a Membrane Switch or Printed Electronic Device to Temperature and Relative Humidity
  • F1598 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Effects of Chemical/Solvent Exposure to a Membrane Switch/Graphic Overlay (Spot Test Method)
  • F1661 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Contact Bounce Time of a Membrane Switch
  • F1662 - Standard Test Method for Verifying the Specified Dielectric Withstand Voltage and Determining the Dielectric Breakdown Voltage of a Membrane Switch or Printed Electronic Device
  • F1663 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Capacitance of a Membrane Switch or Printed Electronic Device
  • F1680 - Standard Test Method for Determining Circuit Resistance of a Membrane Switch
  • F1681 - Standard Test Method for Determining Current Carrying Capacity of a Membrane Switch Circuit
  • F1683 - Practice for Creasing or Bending a Membrane Switch, Membrane Switch Flex Tail Assembly or Membrane Switch Component
  • F1689 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Insulation Resistance of a Membrane Switch
  • F1762 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Effects of Atmospheric Pressure Variation on a Membrane Switch
  • F1812 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Effect of an ESD Discharge on a Membrane Switch or Printed Electronic Device
  • F1842 - Standard Test Method for Determining Ink or Coating Adhesion on Flexible Substrates for a Membrane Switch or Printed Electronic Device
  • F1843 - Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Plastic Films used on Membrane Switch Overlays for Specular Gloss Measurements
  • F1895 - Standard Test Method for Submersion of a Membrane Switch
  • F1896 - Test Method for Determining the Electrical Resistivity of a Printed Conductive Material
  • F1995 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Shear Strength of the Bond between a Surface Mount Device (SMD) and Substrate in a Membrane Switch
  • F1996 - Standard Test Method for Silver Migration for Membrane Switch Circuitry
  • F2072 - Standard Test Method for Hosedown of a Membrane Switch
  • F2073 - Standard Test Method for Non-Destructive Short Circuit Testing of a Membrane Switch
  • F2112 - Standard Terminology for Membrane Switches
  • F2187 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Effect of Random Frequency Vibration on a Membrane Switch or Membrane Switch Assembly
  • F2188 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Effect of Variable Frequency Vibration on a Membrane Switch or Membrane Switch Assembly
  • F2359 - Standard Test Method for Determining Color of a Membrane Switch Backlit with Diffuse Light Source
  • F2360 - Standard Test Method for Determining Luminance of a Membrane Switch Backlit with Diffuse Light Source
  • F2592 - Standard Test Method for Measuring the Force-Displacement of a Membrane Switch
  • F2749 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Effects of Creasing a Membrane Switch or Printed Electronic Device
  • F2750 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Effects of Bending a Membrane Switch or Printed Electronic Device
  • F2771 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Luminance Curve of an Electroluminescent Lamp at Ambient Conditions
  • F2865 - Standard Guide for Classifying the Degrees of Ingress of Dust and Water into a Membrane Switch
  • F2866 - Standard Test Method for Flammability of a Membrane Switch in Defined Assembly
  • F2964 - Standard Test Method for Determining the Uniformity of the Luminance of an Electroluminescent Lamp or Other Diffuse Lighting Device
  • F3147 - Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Reliability of Surface Mounted Device (SMD) Joints on a Flexible Circuit by a Rolling Mandrel Bend
  • F3152 - Standard Test Method for Determining Abrasion Resistance of Inks and Coatings on Substrates Using Dry or Wet Abrasive Medium
  • F3290 - Standard Guide for Handling and Application of a Membrane Switch or Printed Electronic Device to its Final Support Structure
  • F3291 - Standard Test Method for Measuring the Force-Resistance of a Membrane Force Sensor

TAPPI Standards

This is a resource, not an exhaustive list, of possible relevant standards. Please visit https://www.tappi.org/Publications-Standards/Standards-Methods/ for a full list of standards 

  • T 543, Bending resistance of paper (Gurley-type tester) 
  • T 566, Bending resistance (stiffness) of paper (Taber-type tester in 0 to 10 Taber stiffness unit configuration)
  • T 494, Tensile properties of paper and paperboard (using constant rate of elongation apparatus)
  • T 489, Bending resistance (stiffness) of paper and paperboard (Taber-type tester in basic configuration)
  • T 538, Roughness of paper and paperboard (Sheffield method)
SEMI Standards IPC Standards IEC Standards ISO Standards ASTM Standards TAPPI Standards

Please contact SEMI Standards (FHEstandards@semi.org) if you would like to suggest standards to add to this website.