World Fab Forecast Predicts Hitting Bottom in 2008--then Strong Rebound in 2009
Big changes expected for Taiwan and SE Asia in 2009
By Christian Gregor Dieseldorff, SEMI Industry Research and Statistics
Driven by the weak economy, more companies are forced to postpone fab projects. This year is expected to show negative double digits for money spent on fab construction and fabs equipping. Next year, however, positive double digit growth rates are expected. Foundries, rather than memory, show more activity this year in terms of fabs beginning construction and production.
Spending on Fabs Equipping
After about 12 percent growth in 2007, money spent on fabs equipping in 2008 will decline 16.5% in 2008, followed by over 12% growth in 2009.
SE Asia and Taiwan show this trend most dramatically, shifting from negative growth of 40% and 33%, respectively, in 2008, to positive growth of over 50% and 80%, respectively, in 2009. In the Americas, however, there is no such good news, as fab equipment spending will drop 9% in 2008 and another 33% in 2009. China and Europe/Mideast show positive growth rates in both years, although both will slip from double-digit growth in 2008 to single-digit growth in 2009. Spending in Japan and South Korea will remain slow, but improve from negative double digits in 2008 to only negative single digits in 2009.
The big three spenders in 2008 for fabs equipping are Samsung, Flash Alliance and Intel.
While most U.S. companies are investing in fab opportunities outside the country, Samsung is pouring money into their 300mm Megafab in Austin, Texas. Samsung is also spending on an even larger fab, Line 15 in Hwasung, South Korea. Intel is investing in its Fab 28 in Israel, Fab 32 in Arizona and Fab 11X in New Mexico. Flash Alliance is the star with the largest Flash-dedicated fab in the world, Fab 4 in Japan.
In 2009, Rexchip, TSMC, UMC, Promos and Hynix are projected to make their comebacks, joining Samsung, Flash Alliance and Intel as key spenders.
Spending on Fab Construction Projects
Money spent on fab construction projects shows a 26% decline in 2008 (from about +10% in 2007), but is projected to increase to over +50% in 2009.
Comparing regions for new fab construction, only SE Asia and S. Korea show positive growth in 2008. It is a big year for SE Asia, with over 160% growth in funds spent on fab construction projects. This is mainly due to IM Flash’s ambitious plan for an estimated $6 billion Megafab in Singapore. Growth rates for Taiwan’s spending on fab construction show a slight contraction in 2008, but Taiwan is still the region expected to spend the most money on construction in 2008 and 2009. In 2008, Taiwan’s biggest spenders for fab construction projects are Rexchip, Powerchip, TSMC and MeiYa. In 2009, TSMC takes the lead in Taiwan followed by Powerchip, Promos and Inotera. In 2009, China will be the second largest spending region. The main contributors for this are Hynix-Numonyx JV in Wuxi, Elpida-He Jian JV (HEFA) in Jiangsu and SMIC in Shenzhen and Chengdu.
Capacity: Japan still runs far ahead, Taiwan tries to catch up in 2009
After strong growth of over 17 percent in 2007, global fab capacity is expected to grow by 10% in 2008, and 8-10% in 2009. Slower spending in 2008 will result in slower growth of capacity in 2009. Japan is the region adding most capacity in 2008, followed by China and the Americas. In 2009, however, Taiwan will add the most capacity, leaving China and South Korea, respectively, in 2nd and 3rd place for new capacity additions. For 2008, Japan is expected to maintain its lead with 24% of total worldwide capacity, followed by South Korea’s 17.8%, Taiwan’s 16.8%, and the Americas’ 16.4%. Due to Taiwan’s surge in capacity in 2009, Japan will still lead with over 23% of the global capacity share, but Taiwan is expected to replace South Korea in 2nd place of total capacity.
For the first time in history, the overall capacity of volume fabs for 300mm is expected to surpass 200mm capacity by 3Q08. This milestone is achieved with over 2.5x less 300mm fabs. Capacity for 200mm volume fabs will remain at same level while capacity for 300mm volume fabs is expected to grow at double-digit rates every year.
Trend for fabs begin construction and production
While 2007 had much activity in memory fabs and lacked capital expenditure by most IDMs, the year 2008 promises to push foundries to the front in terms of new fab activity. Foundries, rather than memory, have more fabs beginning construction and production in 2008. Foundries will still be ahead of memory for fabs that begin construction in 2009. But memory fabs will catch-up in 2009 as more fabs begin production.
About 12 new high-volume fabs will begin construction in 2008 (vs. 22 in 2007) and about 15-18 are expected to start construction in 2009.
Comparing regions, China and Taiwan are in the lead, with the most new fabs starting construction in 2008. In 2009, Taiwan will take the lead, with lots of memory and some foundry fabs.
About 16 new volume fabs begin production in 2008 (vs. 25 in 2007) and about 14-18 should begin production in 2009. Once again, in 2008, China is the region with the most new volume fabs beginning production (eight). Europe and the Mideast have three fabs. In 2009, however, Taiwan will have five fabs beginning production, and China only four.
The analysis of the World Fab Forecast report shows that we are close to reaching bottom in spending—perhaps by 3Q08—and a rebound in 2009.
SEMI Fab Database reports, such as the World Fab Forecast, are ideal tools for real-life market indicators and forecasts, because they are supported by data down to the fab level. These reports were the first (in October 2007) to correctly predict negative double-digit rates for capex on fabs equipping in 2008. Data show that fab activities such as capex for construction, fabs equipping, technology upgrades and capacity expansion will increase in 2009. The weak market drives many IDM companies to cut back, putting projects on hold until market conditions improve. Meanwhile, many foundries experience increased activity, and they respond by increasing utilization rates and pursuing plans to expand capacity. Considering increasing demand for Memory devices, fab projects cannot be postponed indefinitely. They need to begin by 2009 at the latest, in order for IDMs to stay competitive.
SEMI has improved its Fab Capacity report by adding all the categories the World Fab Watch has and more. The new name of the Fab Capacity report is now World Fab Forecast. This report provides high-level summaries and graphs; in-depth analyses of capital expenditure, capacity, technology and products, down to the detail of each fab; and forecasts for the next 18 months. These tools are invaluable for understanding how 2009 will look, and learning more about capex for construction projects, fab equipping, technology level, and products.
Please visit www.semi.org/fabs for additional information on these reports.
June 2, 2008